NEW PROVIDENCE BAPTIST CHURCH

WHERE GOD IS CALLING YOU OUT OF DARKNESS INTO HIS MARVELOUS LIGHT

Sunday, April 20, 2014

Sunday School Lesson

April 20

 Lesson 8

The Third Day

Devotional Reading: 1 Corinthians 15:12-20

Background Scripture: Hosea 6:1-3; Luke 24:1-12

Hosea 6:1-3

 

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1 Come, and let us return unto the Lord: for he hath torn, and he will heal us; he hath smitten, and he will bind us up.

2 After two days will he revive us: in the third day he will raise us up, and we shall live in his sight.

3 Then shall we know, if we follow on to know the Lord: his going forth is prepared as the morning; and he shall come unto us as the rain, as the latter and former rain unto the earth.

Luke 24:1-12

1 Now upon the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came unto the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared, and certain others with them.

2 And they found the stone rolled away from the sepulchre.

3 And they entered in, and found not the body of the Lord Jesus.

4 And it came to pass, as they were much perplexed thereabout, behold, two men stood by them in shining garments:

5 And as they were afraid, and bowed down their faces to the earth, they said unto them, Why seek ye the living among the dead?

6 He is not here, but is risen: remember how he spake unto you when he was yet in Galilee,

7 Saying, The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.

8 And they remembered his words,

9 And returned from the sepulchre, and told all these things unto the eleven, and to all the rest.

10 It was Mary Magdalene, and Joanna, and Mary the mother of James, and other women that were with them, which told these things unto the apostles.

11 And their words seemed to them as idle tales, and they believed them not.

12 Then arose Peter, and ran unto the sepulchre; and stooping down, he beheld the linen clothes laid by themselves, and departed, wondering in himself at that which was come to pass.

Key Verse

Remember how he spake unto you when he was yet in Galilee, saying, The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again. —Luke 24:6, 7

Lesson Aims

After participating in this lesson, each student will be able to:

1. Identify actions and attitudes of belief and disbelief on the third day after Jesus' crucifixion.

2. Explain the relationship between Hosea 6:1-3 and Luke 24:1-12.

3. Write an answer for someone who might ask him or her about reasons for believing in Christ's resurrection and the significance of such belief.

Lesson Outline

Introduction

A. Nothing, Reincarnation, or Resurrection

B. Lesson Background

I. Revived on the Third Day (Hosea 6:1-3)

A. The Lord's Intent (vv. 1, 2)

B. The Lord's Reliability (v. 3)

II. Surprised on the Third Day (Luke 24:1-8)

A. Faithful Women (vv. 1-3)

B. Shining Men (vv. 4-8)

When Memory Fails

III. Amazed on the Third Day (Luke 24:9-12)

A. Disbelieving Apostles (vv. 9-11)

When a Viewpoint Must Change

B. Wary Peter (v. 12)

Conclusion

A. Waiting for Jesus

B. Prayer

C. Thought to Remember

Introduction
A. Nothing, Reincarnation, or Resurrection

What happens after we die? There are three primary answers proposed for this question, and all three were taught by various groups in Jesus' day.

First, some thought that death was the absolute end—when all aspects of our being ceased to exist. This was the view of the Sadducees, the party of the high priest (see Acts 22:30-23:9). This view, sometimes called nihilism ("nothingness"), is shared by atheists and secularists today.

Second, some thought that the dead person's soul was recycled into a new body to begin a new life after death. This view was taught by famous Greek philosophers such as Pythagoras and Plato; the view may have had some adherents among the first-century Jews. This view is widely known today as reincarnation; it is a feature of Eastern religions such as Hinduism.

The third option is resurrection. This was the view of the Pharisees (Acts 23:8) and most of the Jewish people in Jesus' day. This view sees an existence beyond death in which one's soul will be brought back to life with a new, immortal body (see 1 Corinthians 15:52). In Christian thought, resurrection is followed by a judgment (Hebrews 9:27).

There are other viewpoints, of course, but those seem to be "the big three." As we reflect on these, we should keep in mind that (1) the resurrection of Jesus was a victory over death, for He will never die again (Romans 6:9), and (2) Jesus' resurrection opens the door to eternal life for all (Philippians 3:21). These are not abstract ideas of philosophy, but truths that are based on historical events in the life of Jesus and foreseen by Old Testament prophets like Hosea.

B. Lesson Background

The prophet Hosea had a ministry of several decades in the latter half of the eighth century BC. His career overlapped about the first third of the prophet Isaiah's. Hosea's ministry, however, was to the kings and people of the northern kingdom of Israel, whereas Isaiah spoke to the people of the southern kingdom of Judah. The name Hosea means "salvation" and is the same as the original name of Joshua, which was Oshea (Numbers 13:16; the name Joshua is also spelled Jehoshua).

Hosea's book begins with the account of his marriage to a prostitute and the birth of children (chapters 1-3). The marriage itself illustrates the Lord's relationship with Israel (the faithful husband with the unfaithful wife). The rest of the book (chapters 4-14) sets forth various oracles that point out the sins of the people and call them to repentance. Today's lesson, from chapter 6, is part of one of those calls to repentance.

The New Testament portion of our lesson takes us to part of Luke's account of Jesus' resurrection. The common thread between our Old and New Testament texts is that they both deal with the third day.

I. Revived on the Third Day

                                                                              (Hosea 6:1-3)

A. The Lord's Intent (vv. 1, 2)

1. Come, and let us return unto the Lord: for he hath torn, and he will heal us; he hath smitten, and he will bind us up.

The exhortation Come, and let us return unto the Lord marks a shift in tone from the strident condemnation of Hosea 5. This is not a call for physical relocation, but for a spiritual reorientation—a turn of hearts toward God (compare Joel 2:12). Such a call is a frequent refrain in Hosea.

How to Say It

Arimathea Air-uh-muh-thee-uh (th as in thin).

Bethany Beth-uh-nee.

Galilee Gal-uh-lee.

Herod Hair-ud.

Hosea Ho-zay-uh.

Jehoshua Je-hosh-you-uh.

Judas Joo-dus.

Magdalene Mag-duh-leen or Mag-duh-lee-nee.

nihilism nee-huh-lih-zum.

Pythagoras Pi-thag-o-rus.

Sadducees Sad-you-seez.

sepulchre sep-ul-kur.

What Do You Think?

In what ways have you seen people "return unto the Lord"? How have these affected you?

Talking Points for Your Discussion

In personal holiness (1 Peter 1:15, 16)

In regular worship (Hebrews 10:25)

In proper attitudes (1 John 2:9-11)

In financial stewardship (2 Corinthians 9:6, 7)

Other

Despite the peril of the rising Assyrian empire, the people of Israel ignore Hosea's pleadings (see Hosea 11:5). The people's wickedness is described in terms of their unfaithfulness ("spirit of whoredoms," 5:4), their pride (7:10), and their sinful deeds ("iniquity," 14:1). There is quite a bit of overlap between these three problem areas, and taken together they describe a very serious situation.

Hosea does not scold Israel as an outsider, but includes himself—note the three occurrences of the word us—in this address. His plea is that God is the one who is allowing (even causing) the current national calamities, for He is the one who has torn and smitten. The people cannot save themselves or avoid God's punishing actions, for only the Lord can heal and bind, not pagan nations such as Egypt and Assyria (Hosea 7:11).

Hosea's message is disheartening and encouraging at the same time. The future of Israel hinges solely on its willingness to repent. The turmoil within the northern kingdom of Israel in Hosea's day can be seen in 2 Kings 15:17-31; 17:1-23.

2. After two days will he revive us: in the third day he will raise us up, and we shall live in his sight.

Hosea now restates this tearing/healing, striking-down/binding-up prophecy in terms of death and burial. His view of the future is that the destruction of Israel will come at the hands of the Assyrians (see Hosea 9:3, where this is likened to a return to the bondage of Egypt). This could be thought of as a national death.

Over time, however, there will be a national revival. First day: dead. Second day: beginning to revive. Third day: returned to life. This restoration is pictured as living in the Lord's sight, meaning the people will have the favor of God on their nation. While Hosea's promises apply directly to Israel's future, the language of the third day is prophetic of Jesus' death, burial, and resurrection.

B. The Lord's Reliability (v. 3)

3. Then shall we know, if we follow on to know the Lord: his going forth is prepared as the morning; and he shall come unto us as the rain, as the latter and former rain unto the earth.

The result of the national reorientation is that Israel will know the Lord, meaning the people will experience the blessings of God. Hosea describes this in terms of the regular cycles of nature. The morning features the unfailing, daily appearance of the sun. The rains of which Hosea speaks are the appropriate seasonal showers necessary for successful crops (latter and former refer to the winter and spring rains, respectively). The picture is of a future when God's blessings are regular and plentiful.

What Do You Think?

What "showers of blessings" does the risen Lord provide regularly? Why is it important to reflect on these?

Talking Points for Your Discussion

Showers on you personally

Showers on family members

Showers on your church

Showers on unbelievers

Other

II. Surprised on the Third Day

                                                                            (Luke 24:1-8)

A. Faithful Women (vv. 1-3)

1. Now upon the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came unto the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared, and certain others with them.

The they of this verse is the group of women disciples of Jesus who have followed Him from Galilee (Luke 23:55). This group seems to be led by Mary Magdalene (Luke 24:10; compare Matthew 28:1; Mark 16:1; John 20:1).

The Jewish custom of Jesus' day is not to use names for the days of the week, but to designate them by numbers. This is reckoned in relation to the Sabbath day (which does have a name), the seventh and last day of the week. After the Sabbath, the cycle begins anew with the first day of the week, which we call Sunday.

Jesus died and was buried late Friday afternoon. The burial was rushed because the Sabbath was about to begin, at sundown (Luke 23:53, 54). These women are not satisfied with the hasty burial, so they are determined to honor Jesus by giving His body a fitting preparation (23:56). As these women had ministered to Jesus during His life (see Luke 8:1-3), so they seek to care for His body in death.

2. And they found the stone rolled away from the sepulchre.

Jesus was buried in a tomb "that was hewn in stone" (Luke 23:53), not a hole dug in the ground. This sepulchre is therefore a man-made cave, carved into the soft limestone in a hillside outside of Jerusalem. It has been provided by Joseph of Arimathaea, a member of the Jewish high council and also a secret follower of Jesus (Luke 23:50, 51; compare John 19:38). Joseph may have intended this cave to serve a tomb for himself and family members, although it was unused before Jesus' interment (Luke 23:53).

Mark 16:3 records that the women are worried about the practical aspect of opening the tomb, for they know that a large stone had been rolled across its entrance. This turns out to be no problem, though, because the stone has already been rolled away when they arrive.

3. And they entered in, and found not the body of the Lord Jesus.

Much is left unsaid here, but we can imagine the dismay of the women. They probably are not relieved to find the tomb open, for this can be an indication that grave robbers have been at work, with the desecration of their Lord's body resulting. The fears of the women seem to be realized when they enter the tomb and discover that the body is missing. The conclusion they draw is that the body of Jesus has been moved, if not stolen (John 20:13-15).

B. Shining Men (vv. 4-8)

4. And it came to pass, as they were much perplexed thereabout, behold, two men stood by them in shining garments.

We easily imagine the women's mixture of reactions: outrage over the missing body, sadness at the disrespect, and fear that something devious is afoot. All the emotions are summarized as their being much perplexed.

As the women ponder the situation, two men are present with them. These are not ordinary men, though, for their garments are shining in an unusual way (compare Acts 1:10). These beings may look like men, but they are angels (see Matthew 28:2, 3; compare Luke 24:23).

5, 6a. And as they were afraid, and bowed down their faces to the earth, they said unto them, Why seek ye the living among the dead? He is not here, but is risen.

The women are understandably fearful at this situation, so they break eye contact as they bow down. It is left to the angels to speak first, and they ask a question that is also a revelation: "Why seek ye the living among the dead?" This is not intended to mock the women, but to explain. There has been no grave robbing. There is no need to anoint the body and wrap it with spices. There is no corpse in the tomb because Jesus is not dead, He is risen. Their master is alive!

What Do You Think?

In what ways can churches be guilty of seeking "the living among the dead" today? How do we guard against this?

Talking Points for Your Discussion

Clinging to outmoded traditions

Dwelling on past achievements

Failing to discern cultural trends

Other

6b, 7. Remember how he spake unto you when he was yet in Galilee, saying, The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.

The women will understand what has happened if they remember what Jesus prophesied about himself while they were still in Galilee (see Luke 9:22, 44; compare 24:46). The fact that the angels challenge the women to remember indicates that the women had heard the prediction previously.

There are three parts to this prophecy, now fulfilled. First, Jesus was to be delivered into the hands of sinful men; that happened when He was betrayed and bound over to the Romans for trial. Second, Jesus was predicted to be put to death via crucifixion; that too came to pass. Third, Jesus would not remain dead, but would be raised to life on the third day following the crucifixion (compare Acts 10:39, 40).

While Hosea's prophecy of a third-day resurrection is not quoted here, it is part of the pattern of the prophets who foresaw the resurrection of the Messiah (see Luke 24:46). Jesus also tied this to the experience of Jonah (see Matthew 12:40).

8. And they remembered his words.

The earliest preaching of the gospel includes the facts of Jesus' burial and many hours in the tomb. A first-century formulation of this preaching is that Christ "was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures" (1 Corinthians 15:4). The combination of "burial" and "third day" is important because it proves that Jesus had been dead—His physical body truly died. This is remembered by these initial witnesses and others of the first-century church; they have passed the facts on for us to remember as well.

What Do You Think?

What was a time that remembering a promise of Scripture helped you overcome a rough patch in life? Which Scripture was it?

Talking Points for Your Discussion

After the death of a loved one

During a divorce

After a job loss

During a health crisis

Other

When Memory Fails

Memory often seems to play tricks on us. This seems all the more so as we get older (and I'm speaking from experience here). Once I came out of a grocery store, walked to my car, and reached into my pocket for the keys. They weren't there. Where are my keys? Then I remembered I had put them in my coat pocket because they would be easier to reach instead of diving into my front pants pocket. We all have stories like that.

We may wonder how the women at the tomb could have possibly forgotten something as important as Jesus' prediction of His resurrection. Research tells us that memory failure, at any age, can be due to distractions that catch our attention, causing what we want to remember to be displaced. For the women in our text, Jesus' recent crucifixion was certainly a traumatic distraction of the highest order!

More foundationally, however, the women's failure to remember Jesus' predictions of resurrection can be tied to a general failure on the part of the disciples to comprehend the predictions (compare Mark 9:9, 10; John 12:16). Recall happened only by means of an angelic appearance.

Remembering Jesus' death and resurrection should stand behind all our actions. We dare not let anything push that precious memory aside.—J. B. N.

III. Amazed on the Third Day

                                                                             (Luke 24:9-12)

A. Disbelieving Apostles (vv. 9-11)

9. And returned from the sepulchre, and told all these things unto the eleven, and to all the rest.

The women return to the place where the remaining apostles (11 because of no Judas) are staying. We do not know for sure where this is, but a likely place is the house of Mary, the mother of John Mark (see Acts 12:12), or less likely, the home of Mary, Martha, and Lazarus in nearby Bethany (see John 12:1-3).

Wherever the location, the phrase all the rest indicates others besides the apostles are present—perhaps as many as the 120 who gather before the Day of Pentecost (see Acts 1:15). The women relate everything they have witnessed: the rolled-away stone, the empty tomb, the dazzling angels, and the message to remember the prophecy of Jesus.

What Do You Think?

What holds Christians back from sharing the message of Jesus' resurrection more freely? How can we overcome this problem?

Talking Points for Your Discussion

Regarding how we think others will perceive us

Regarding fear of inadequate Bible knowledge

Regarding concern for "chasing people off"

Other

10, 11. It was Mary Magdalene, and Joanna, and Mary the mother of James, and other women that were with them, which told these things unto the apostles. And their words seemed to them as idle tales, and they believed them not.

The language of Luke indicates there are at least five women. Three are named. Mary Magdalene is recorded by the Gospels as being present at the crucifixion of Jesus, at His burial, and at the empty tomb early Sunday morning. She was delivered from demon possession by Jesus, which helps us understand her devotion to Him (Luke 8:2). Joanna is the wife of an official in the household of Herod, the king of Galilee (8:3).

Mary the mother of James is further defined as being "the mother of James and Joses" in Matthew 27:56. This may be the writers' way of referring to Mary, the mother of Jesus, for she had sons named James and Joses (Mark 6:3). It would be odd, however, that Jesus' mother would not be identified as such at this point rather than by the names of two of Jesus' half-brothers (compare Acts 1:14). So it is more likely that the Mary in view here is a different woman from Galilee.

In any case, these women are followers of Jesus. But that is not enough to make their account of the empty tomb credible to the rest. Instead, those gathered (including the apostles) dismiss their story as idle tales. We can imagine the disappointment and hurt these faithful women must feel at not being believed.

When a Viewpoint Must Change

I recently read a book about the assassination of President James A. Garfield and the medical treatment he received after being shot. The year was 1881, and most physicians still discounted Joseph Lister's theories on germs. Without washing their hands, doctors stuck fingers into Garfield's wound to find the bullet. When Garfield died some 11 weeks later, it wasn't the bullet that killed him, but the infection introduced by the filthy fingers.

When Lister tried to remonstrate with Garfield's physicians, they scornfully replied that they would become the laughingstock of future generations if they changed their procedures because of the alleged presence of things that no one had ever seen (germs). Those doctors "knew what they knew," and if new ideas didn't fit into their theoretical structure, then the new ideas had to be nonsense. We see the same mind-set in our text.

We have a choice to make: either we can allow the evidence of Jesus' resurrection to shape and change our view of reality, or we can allow a preexisting view that "the dead stay dead" to dismiss Jesus' resurrection as fiction. Which choice do you make?—J. B. N.

B. Wary Peter (v. 12)

12. Then arose Peter, and ran unto the sepulchre; and stooping down, he beheld the linen clothes laid by themselves, and departed, wondering in himself at that which was come to pass.

Although verse 11 counts Peter among the disbelievers, he is curious enough to run unto the sepulchre to see for himself (compare John 20:1-3). He too finds an empty tomb. The additional mention of abandoned grave clothes is an important detail, for body stealers would not have taken the time to unwrap Jesus' body and leave the linen clothes behind. Peter's reaction to all this is similar to that of the women when they encountered the angels: he wonders at that which was come to pass, meaning that these things do not yet make sense to him. But soon they will, for he will see the Lord Jesus face to face (Luke 24:34).

Conclusion
A. Waiting for Jesus

Waiting. Mary Magdalene and the other women could only wait as they watched Jesus die (Matthew 27:55, 56; Mark 15:40, 41; Luke 23:49; John 19:25-27). At least two of the women could only watch as Jesus was buried hastily (Matthew 27:59-61). Constrained by the laws of the Jewish Sabbath, the women disciples of Jesus could only wait to give His body the burial preparation they thought it deserved.

And so they did wait. They waited until Sunday morning. Then the unimaginable happened: they learned that Jesus was no longer dead.

We wait for Jesus in many ways. Hosea had a glimpse of Him, but that prophet was hundreds of years early. Many of the disciples of Jesus were awaiting a Messiah when they met Him. Today we wait to be united with Him in the place He has prepared for us, our heavenly home.

We can wait because we know He lives, that death was not the end for Jesus. The tomb was empty because He is risen, never again to die. And we, His disciples today, will also be raised from our own graves to be with Him forever.

B. Prayer

Father, we believe the testimony of the women, that Your Son's tomb was empty because He had been brought back to life. We believe He is risen and exalted to Your right hand. May He come quickly to take us home. In His name, amen.

C. Thought to Remember

We await our own resurrections
because we know He lives.

Visual for Lesson 8. Point to the five-word acrostic on this visual as you ask, "Which of these five speaks most to your heart today? Why?"


April 27

 Lesson 9

From Suffering to Glory

Devotional Reading: John 1:10-18

Background Scripture: Isaiah 52:13-53:12; Luke 24:25-27, 44-50

Isaiah 53:3-8

3 He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not.

4 Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.

5 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.

6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.

7 He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth.

8 He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken.

Luke 24:25-27, 44-47

25 Then he said unto them, O fools, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken:

26 Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory?

27 And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself.

 

44 And he said unto them, These are the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me.

45 Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures,

46 And said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day:

47 And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.

Key Verse

Beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself. —Luke 24:27

Lesson Aims

After participating in this lesson, each student will be able to:

1. List the elements of Isaiah's prediction of Jesus' humiliation.

2. Suggest reasons why Jesus' disciples were "slow of heart to believe" the prophecies about Jesus.

3. Identify a personal "slow of heart" shortcoming and write a prayer for change.

Lesson Outline

Introduction

A. The Scapegoat

B. Lesson Background

I. Suffering for Others (Isaiah 53:3-8)

A. Man of Sorrows (vv. 3-5)

The Nature of Christ

B. Innocent Lamb (vv. 6-8)

II. Prophesied to Suffer (Luke 24:25-27)

A. From Suffering to Glory (vv. 25, 26)

B. From Prophecy to History (v. 27)

III. Promises to Preach (Luke 24:44-47)

A. Understanding the Scripture (vv. 44, 45)

B. Evangelizing the Nations (vv. 46, 47)

The Centrality of the Cross

Conclusion

A. The Wonder of Prophecy

B. Prayer

C. Thought to Remember


 

Standard Lesson Commentary 2013-2014 (KJV).

"Suggestions for families are taken from Standardlesson.com,

Standard Publishing Group, LLC. Used with permission. More resources for families are available at Standardpub.com.


God Bless